About Yemen

Sar al-Hajar

Capital city Sana’a
Language Arabic
Demonym Yemeni
Surface 555,000 km2
Population 25,130,000
Density 44.7/km2
Currency Yemeni rial (YER)
Government United parliamentary republic

The Republic of Yemen is situated at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula and, benefits from a privileged geographical position with more than 2,000 kilometres of coast line stretching from the Red Sea in the West along the Gulf of Aden to the South and to the Arabian Sea in the East.

The favourable location of Yemen, which is the only country on the Arabian Peninsula to experience regular and significant rainfall, distinguishes it from other countries in the region for the variety of its outstanding natural heritage and diverse environments. Its strategic position has for millennia also placed it at the heart of trade and cultural exchange between East and West.


Alluring Yemen with its ancient and diverse cultural heritage and pre-Islamic influences that even now distinguish the independent spirit and traditions of the Yemeni people is full of natural beauty from the desert of Al-Rub Al-Khali the (Empty Quarter) to the green valleys of the Rasyan region, from the Socotra archipelago – Yemen’s newest UNESCO World Heritage Site and considered the most important natural heritage in the Middle East – to the central plateaus that reach over 3,000 metres.

Yemen has three cities on UNESCO’s  World Heritage List: Sana’a, Shibam Hadhramaut and Zabid – great open air museums, their architecture and nature preserved over centuries in the typical markets and in ancient temples. This marvellous and fascinating country offer opportunities to even to the most adventurous traveller to live a unique and incredible experience that bridges the present and the past.

Cities and archaeological sites in Yemen are numerous and situated throughout the country.

Our Yemeni Olympians – and already champions – at the Olympic Games London 2012 are from the next three cities:

DHAMAR – ذمار

The town is famous in Yemen for its numerous historical mosques and schools, which are distinguished by their beautiful characteristic architecture in harmony with the coloTurs of its volcano land. Read more

SANA’A – صنعاء‎

It is the capital of Yemen. Sana’a is considered a living open air museum, a place that has preserved its ancient architectural style which has made it famous all over the world. The old city of Sana’a, which is included on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, is one of the most ancient cities in the Arab world and is distinguished by its unique and ancient buildings.

Sana’a, the old city, with more than 50 mosques, minarets, luxurious gardens, hammams and its unique market, is the first jewel of Yemen and starting point for an incredible trip in this legendary land. Read more

TAIZ – TA’IZZ – تعز

One of the most ancient capitals of Yemen, Taiz is famous for its traditional districts and mosques dating from the Rasulid times and for its lively market. Read more


Travel information

Yemen Beach

  • Passport and visa: Visas are required for all visitors to Yemen and can be obtained on arrival at any Yemeni port of entry (land, sea or air). Visas to be obtained from Yemeni embassies in the countries of the applicants for the visas, or the nearest Yemeni embassies to them.
  • Currency: The local currency is the Yemeni rial (YER). US Dollars (USD) AND Euros can be exchanged everywhere, whilst English Pounds (GBP) are also widely accepted. Credit cards can be used in most hotel.
  • Time: GTM+3
  • Electricity: 110/220 volts. It is advised to bring an American model adapter.
  • Season and Climates: In Yemen the climate is subtropical. On the Northern the temperature is mild, even in the summer season: the temperature range is high and afternoon rains are frequent from June to September. In the South the temperature is high in the summer season. In this zone the climate is extremely dry; while on the coast the humidity rate is high. The ideal season to visit Yemen is from October until April.
  • Language: Arabic is the official language of the country with English being the most widely used second language.
  • Clothes: Light weight clothes, jumpers for the evening. Comfortable shoes for excursions.
  • Telecommunication: All the Yemeni Land is covered by a modern telecommunication network that provides worldwide direct access telephone, fax and internet services.